Dr. Raja Ram Jain of Arrah has keen interest in research in Prakrit. He was born in a zamindar family at Malthon in Distt. Sagar (M.P.). on Feb. 1, 1929 and got his early education there and at Vir Vidyalaya Gurukul, Papora (M.P.). He studied Sanskrit and Prakrit at Syadwad Mahavidyalaya, Varanasi and entered Banaras Hindu University in 1947 from where he did his M.A. and Shastracharya in 1954.
He was associated with the editing of Gyanodaya during 1954-55 and thereafter joined as Lecturer in Hindi Deptt. in Govt. College, Shahdol (M.P.). Having developed a strong desire to study Prakrit and Apabhramsa he resigned from there and did notable research work in Prakrit at Prakrit Research Institute, Vaishali under the guidance of late Dr. Hira Lai Jain.
Dr. Jain is whole heartedly devoted to the editing and publication of unpublished hand written Prakrit and Apabhramsa scriptures. He is presently earnestly engaged in editing and translation of 23 available works of the great Apabhramsa poet Raidhu (a 16th century poet) the publication of which in 16 volumes has started from Jivraj Granthmala, Sholapur.
His other published works include Raidhu Sahitya Ka Alochnatmak Parishilan, Raidhu Granthavali (2 Vol.), Vadhaman Chariu, Mahavir Chariu, Aramsohakaha, Rayanseharnivakaha, Paiyagajja Sangaho, collection of Prakrit inscriptions etc. Some of these are prescribed in the syllabus of various Indian Universities. In recognition of his meritorius research and literary services the Vir Nirwan Bharati honoured him with the title of ‘Jain Itihas Ratna’and awarded a cash prize of Rs. 2500/- in 1974.