Man’s desires and expectations are infinite. They have no end. Satisfaction of destres is not possible. Satisfaction means generating a new desire. Desire results into violence. There is always struggle. amongst the desires.
The same struggle results into mental disturbance, Mental disturbance means deviation from morality. The brain in tension remains no longer a source of healthy thinking. Healthy brain and healthy body are needed for healthy thinking.
Among the struggle of desires man has to find out his way. Being capable to control desires, he can be free of the body, even living within the body.
‘Alone is my soul, eternal and characterized by knowledge and vision. The rest all, coincided by nature, are out of my characteristics. 85
‘One achieves tranquillization when his soul is perfect enough to traverse the objects through the senses controlled by the soul, hence free from attachment and aversion. During tranquillization, all his miseries end, 86
Engaged in charitable and pious deeds, one should not fear criticism, blame, taunt etc. Taking no care of what others would think of one should carry on his efforts in the true sense.87
If one is not able to confine himself to the limits of morality, it means that his thoughts are paved by a layer of immoral thoughts.
A man offered a woman rupees ten thousand for enjoying one night. She agreed. Thereafter the man told the woman. “Will you enjoy one more night with me for rupees ten only?”
She became angry: she said. “What do you think of me: I am not an ordinary woman. I hail from a very high family.”
The man crossed her. “What you are, has already been decided. It is now a bargain to bring you down to your real price.’
This type of bargain can be seen in everybody’s life, all the time, in any situation at any place in any form. Here he loses, there he gains or tries to gain. He may not be able to get the thing desired. or the thing so acquired may be a sub-standard one.
This theory comes true cent percent in our life, too. When and where we bargain, we are in loss always. We have false notion that we have had a more valuable thing for a lesser value.
A man, moving for shopping, was warned by his friend of the awful bargain in the market. He stepped into a shop and selected a peice of cloth. He asked its rate which the shopkeeper told was rupees ninety a metre. He told. ‘Rupees ninety is excessive. ‘I will not pay ninety. not eighty nor seventy. I will pay rupees sixty per metre.”The shopkeeper told. ‘you are our first customer this morning. So I will charge nither sixty, nor fifty. but forty rupees per metre only. The customer was happy. He bought the piece of cloth. On the way back he was thinking of the folly of the shopkeeper who sold the cloth for rupees forty only. The friend looked at that pieece and told. ‘Oh! exactly this piece I had bought for rupees twenty only yesterday.”
In bargain both try to be fool each other.
Mind is of two types, conscious and unconscious: this is a conclusion of Freud. In the mind there are many desires lying supressed, while some are manifest. This depends upon the situations.
We have two options either we suppress the desires or we satisfy them. In satisfying, we are not independent. We don’t know what we will have to do, and who will have to depend upon. The question of self-respect and ego may also arise. But we are independent in giving up the desires, that is why we will not be needing a support from anyone.
We should know how far the satisfaction of the desire is needed. A diseased man will have to think carefully over his desire for a heavy meal. It is better for him to give up that desire. or his health may go even worse.
The taste of tongue lasts till the thing remains in the mouth. After it passes the throat, there remains no difference between that thing and other things.
A poor man, in his farm, was eating dried bread with buttermilk, while another man, who in hts car, passed through that place. He told. ‘Oh! what is this? You are eating dried brend? Take this sweetmeat which is available in Bombay at the rate of rupees five hundred a kg.’
The poor man told. ‘No difference seems to me between the dried bread and this sweetmeat.
The man told. ‘How do you say there is no difference? Can you prove that there is no difference?
The poor man told, ‘Yes, why not? You stay here tonight and I will give you the proof.’
He agreed to stay. Next morning they answered the call of nature. The poor man drove the other man’s notice to the excrements they had discharged. He asked, ‘Can you find out any difference between the two excrements?’
He told. ‘There is no difference, both are alike.
Then the poor man told. ‘But one is a result of dried bread, while the other is the result of the sweetmeat bought at the rate of rupees five hundred a kg.
The great sage Patanjali wrote. Pain, enmity, shaking and breathing are generated with the perplexity. 88
The biggest perplexion in the present society is the non- fulfilment of desire. We are pained wherever our desire remains unfulfilled. Pain in related to shaking. The pains will end only when the shaking of mind will end.
A beggar has a sound sleep. though wrapped in torn rags, without a roof to save him from cold and hot weather. A wealthy man, on the other hand, cannot have perfect sleep, because of the shaking of his mind, even in a silken bedding in an air-coinditioned house. He will have a sound sleep only when he will control the shaking of his mind.
The imaginations start sporting in the compound of mind; man gets involved in them and after all takes them to be real things. He gets confused in them, he is lost in them. An imagination will remain an imagination, never turn into a reality. But he takes it to be a reality, and when it is not fulfilled he is pained.
Morality is deeply related to the shaking of mind. One should think of morality only when his mind is peaceful, not shaking. He will have to remove pollution from the environment. If the atmosphere around us is not purified, our thinking and morality cannot be pure.
An emperor was in the process of dressing after having bath. In proper dress and jewellery he entered the place. He felt something missing. It was his finger that did not bear a ring. He thought, ‘I have been so restless due to the absence of a ring which, after all is a transient thing.” And he renounced the household life.
Man can uproot the pains, he can minimise them. As soon as this fact is known to one he will believe in the control of desires, and as a result his morality will remain intact and desires will go on minimizing. Or else he will run after the desire, this way or the other, just to turn his morality into an immoral act.
The more shaking the mind is the more pains are there. The more pains are there the more immoral activities are there. The more concentration of mind is there the more pleasure is there. The more pleasure is there the more morality is there.