It was well-nigh two hundred years ago that the traditionally and conventionally meat-eating west began to wake up to the necessity of changing over to vegetarianism. As early as 1809 A.D. Rev. Williams Cowherd established the Bible Christian Church Salford, which initiated the advocacy of vegetarianism as one of its objectives. In 1847, the Vegetarian Society was founded at Manchester in England, with the sole purpose of propagating vegetarianism; and this organization had nothing to do with any Church, religion or sect. In 1888, the society started publishing its monthly organ, the Vegetarian, which has a circulation of about 50,000 copies. In due course, many other organizations sprang up in different parts of the world, notable among them being the Order if the Golden Age, the National Antivivisection League. The Vegetarian Societies of London, Liverpool, Notingham and Scotland, the Food Education Society, the German Vegetarian Society, the North America Vegetarian Society, the American Humane Association, the American Human Education Society, the Toronto Rescue League, the Compassion World, the Humanitarian League, the Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, the World Jain Mission, the Jiva Daya Pracharini Sabha, the World Vegetarian Congress and the International Vegetarian Union. All these organizations and many individuals, with the means and through the media available to them, are busy, in their own way, in propagating vegetarianism and prevention of cruelty to and slaughter of animals, including fish and fowl, for religious, economic or personal reasons.