Padhmam taav sudam ye aaussanto! Ih khalu samnen bhayvadaa mahadi- mahaveeren-mahaa-kassaven savvanh- naanen savvaloye- darsinaa saavayaanam saaviyaanam khudduyaanam khuddiyaanam kaarnen pachaanuvvadaani tinnin gunavvadaani chattari sikkhaavadaani baarasviham gihatthdhammam sammam uvdesiyaani| Tatth imaani pachaanuvvadaani padhme anuvvade thoolyade paanaadivaadaado veramanam, vidiye anuvvade thoolyade musaavaadaado veramanam, tadiye anuvvade thoolyade adatta-daanaado veramnam, chautthe anuvvade thoolyade saddarsantos-pardaara-gamanveramanam kass ya punu savvado virdee, panchme anuvvade thoolyade icchhakad-parimaanam chedi, ichchedaani panch anuvvdaani |
Tatth imaani tinin gunavvadaani, tatth padhme gunavvade disividisi pachchakkhanam, vidiye gunavvade vividh-anatth-dandaado veramanam, tadiye gunavvade bhogopbhog-parisankhanam chedi, ichchedaani tinin gunavvadaani |
Tatth imaani chattari sikkhaavadaani, tatth padhme saamaaiyam, vidiye pos ho-vaasayam, tadiye atithisamvibhaago, chautthe sikkhaavade pachchim-sallehana-maranam, tidiyam abbhovassanam chedi |
Se abhimad-jeevaajeev-uvaladdh-punnapaav-aasav-samvar-nijjar-bandhmokkh-mahikusle dhammanu-raayratto pimaanu-raagratto (pemmaanuraagratto) atthi-majjanuraayratto muchchidatthe gihidatthe vihidatthe paalidatthe sevidatthe inmev nigganthpaavyane anuttare seatthe sevnutthe-
Nissankiy-nikkamkhiy, nivvidiginchee ya amoodhditthi ya |
Uvagoohan tthidikaranam, vachchall-pahaavanaa y ate atth || 1 ||
O long lived Shravak! I (Gautam) heard from Mahakashap gotriya (an exogamous sub- division of a caste group), Omniscient , omni-seer Shraman Lord Mahaveer, the five minor vows ( Anuvrata), three Gunvrata (virtue increasing vows) , four Shiksha vrata ( religious instruction vows) this is twelve kinds of Grashtha-Dharama (Mundane life with religious observances) of Shravakas , Shravikayen , Kshullakas and Kshullikayen
Out of them five minor vows are:- the first minor vow is to renounce gross violence, the second is to renounce gross utterance of false words i.e. untruth , the third is to renounce stealing, i.e , not to accept any thing without giving by its owner , the fourth is having satisfaction with ones own wife/ husband and the fifth is to limit gross use of desired things . These are five minor vows Out of above twelve vows there are three Gunvrata , the first is determination of limiting the movement in all the four directions and sub-directions(Desh vrata) ,the second is to renounce different sinful activities (i.e, Anarthdand vrata) and the third is limiting the use of consumable and recurring consumable means of sensual enjoyments (Parigraha Pariman vrata).
Apart from them these four are Shiksha vrata :- the first is Samayik, i.e, equanimity, the second is Prosdhopvasa (i.e, fasting on 8th & 14th day of each fortnight of the lunar month ), the third is Atithisambibhaga (hospitality i.e., vow of offering food to the honorable guests (i.e., Muni, Aryika etc.) and serving them with required medicines residence and religious scriptures) and the fourth, the final is accepting physical emaciation for holy death and the third is Abhrakash (i.e, to meditation in the open sky.)
The holder of above twelve vows, who has understood the reality of jeev-Ajeev and who has grasped the realities of virtue-sin, Asrav-Samvar Nirjara-Bandh and Moksha, even such expert wise & skilled person, although being engrossed in religious zeal is also remain attached to the affection of Lakshmi, i.e., property/ riches, i.e., has not relinquished the possessions because being a house-holder like bone-marrow (Just as bone-marrow remain attached uninterrupted to the seven particular elements of the body, similarly thick affection towards religious fellows is called “Asthi- Majja Priti”). All faults of such house-holder fastened due to negligence may become false in accepting acquired things with attachment; in accepting substances in a general way ,in accepting objects by ownership, in materials meant for self use ,in expository sermons of Muni , in foremost best materials conducive to self well-being , in activity of inclining use of any object. Following are the eight organs of right belief :- Doubtlessness (Nishankit), Wish –less-ness (Nikankshit), Non-antipathy (Nirvichikitsaa), Non-foolish view (Amoordrishti), Hiding fault (Upgoohan), Reinstating (Stithikaran), Affectionate fellow feeling (Vatsalaya) and glorifying religion (Prabhvna Anga).
Savvedaani panchaanuvvadaani tinin gunavvdaani chattari sikkhaavdaani vaarasviham gihatthdhamm – manupaal- ittaa-
Dansan vay saamaaiya, posah sachitt raaibhatte ya |
Bambhaarambh pariggah, anuman-mudditth desvirdo ya ||1||
Mahu- mans- majj- jooaa, vesaadi- vivajjnaaseelo |
Panchaanuvvaya-jutto, sattehim sikkhavayehim sampunno ||2||
Jo edaaim vadaaim dhareyi saavayaa saaviyaao vaa khuddaya khuddiyaao vaa atthdah<ref>1. Earth2. Water3. Fire4. Air 5. Vegetation6. Two-sensed7. Three-sensed 8. Four-sensed 9. Nigod 10. Five-sensed without mind 11. Evil-enjoyment land 12. Melekshaj 13. Five-sensed animals14. Infernal being15. Neutar gender 16. Women 17. Good pleasure land 18. Human being, in these 18 places, the observer of minor vows do not take birth and also do not take birth in Bhavanvaasi, Vyantar, Jyotishy deities and female deities of Saudharam-Aishaan heavens as well.</ref> – bhavan-vaasiy-vaanvintar-joisiy-sohhammeesaan- deveeo vadikk-mittauvarim- annadar- mahaddhiyaasu devesu uvvajanti |
Tam jaahaa – sohammee – saan – sanakkumaar – maahind – bambhbambhuttar- laantavkaapitth – sukk – mahaasukk – sataar – sahassaar – aanat – paanat – aaran –achchyut – kappesu uvavajjanti |
Adayambar-satthadharaa, kadayangad- baddhanud-kaysoha |
Bhaasur- var- bohidharaa, devaa ya mahaddhiyaa honti ||1||
Ukkassen dotinin- bhav- gahnaani jahannen sattatthhbhav- gahnaani tado sumanu- suttaado sudevattam sudevattaado sumaanusattam tado saaihatthaa<ref>Saadhitaarthaah iti vaa paathah chaayaayaam</ref> pachchaa nigganthaa houn sijjhanti bujjhanti munchanti parinivvaanyanti savvadukkhhaanmantam karenti |<ref>Quoted from Yatipratikraman-paakshik pratikraman</ref>
The Shravak observes these five Minor vows, three Virtue-increasing vows and four Instructional vows, thus total twelve kinds of house- hold observations. There are eleven stages of Desh vrata i.e. Minor vows/Partial vows ,viz. Darshan Pratima (Right view), Vrata pratima (Observation of minor vows, Samayik (Practice of equanimity), Proshadh Pratima (Fasting on holy days, i.e., every 8th & 14th day of the lunar month), Sachitt tyaga (Purity of diet, i.e. renunciation of raw vegetation , Ratri Bhakta viraman Pratima ( Renunciation of continence by day and renunciation of eating at night), Brahmcharya Pratima (Absolute continence) Aarambh Tyaga Pratima (Forsaking domestic activities), Parigraha tyaga Pratima (Renunciation of possession except very necessary articles), Refraining from house-hold activities, i.e., Severance of one’s family ties (Anumati tyaga Pratima ).
The one who relinquishes honey, meat, toxicants, gambling, adulterous conduct, etc. addictions and is equipped with five minor vows and seven kinds of virtues and moral conduct is a perfect Shravak.
The Shravaks, Shravikas, Kshullakas, kshullikas who assume these vows, they do not take birth in eighteen places, i.e. in Bhavanvasi (Residential deities), Vyantar (Peripatetic deities), Astral deities (Jyotishka deities), and as female deities of Saudharama-Iishan heavens. They take birth in other upper class deities. That is, they are born in Saudhrama-Ishan, in Sanat kumar-Maahendra, in Brahamh-Brhamottar, in Lantav-Kapisht, in Satar- Sahasrar in Aanat-Pranat, in Aaran-Achyut Kalpas. They become such great deities, holders of bright shining knowledge who take minimal two-three births and thereafter become good human being and from that become upper class deity and from that again become good human being and becoming good & virtuous householder and afterwards becoming nude, unattached & possession-less Muni, they become Siddha, Buddha, and liberated and attain salvation thereby conclude all grieves and miseries for ever.
Thus the third chapter of Shri Gautam Gandhar Vani completes.