It is well established that water is a chemical and biochemical entity and that it is a combination of two gases-Hydrogen and oxygen (H2O.But it is rarely accepted as a living (biological) entity.
The idea of single cell-organisms is also well established but not of single molecular being.The present study aims at finding the proofs that proves water as a single molecular living Being.
When elemental enrichment factors in living organism are plotted against the ionic potential of the elements,a strikingly similar pattern is found for different groups of organisms in its general features, to that found in sea water.
These relationships support the idea that life began in water-rich environment interfacing with the primitive atmosphere of the earth.Amos Banin, Origin of life: clues from relations between chemical compositions of Living Organisms and Natural Environments. Science. Vol. 189 p. 550.
Although water looks as a simple chemical compound of hydrogen and oxygen, scientist know that it is endowed with enormous special and unique properties. The chemistry of water is well known, a clear picture of the structure and functions of water has been studied in chemistry.
Life and water are too closely related to each other, yet no such concept till the date has tried to prove the biology of water except a few Jaina scholars.The present paper aims at proving the water both as a biological’ entity and not as only chemical-nonliving substance. Water can be proved as a living entity as follows based on logical grounds.
Imagine if you took all the components that make up a human being; carbon,hydrogen,oxygen,and so on and put them in a container with some water, gave it a vigorous stir,and out stepped a complete person.That would be amazing.Well, that’s essentially what ”’Hoyle”’ and others including many ardent creationists argue when they suggest that the proteins were spontaneously formed all at once.
They did not;they cannot have.”’Bill Bryson”’ opines that it is not possible for us to cook them in a lab but universe does it readily enough.Bill Bryson, A Brief History of Nearly Everything. Broadway Books. New York. 2003 p-292 What is to be said is that non-living things can never produce living beings.
BiologistAudesirk, T. and Audesirk, G. Biology,Life on Earth, Prentice Hall. New Jersey. 1996 p. 28
do agree that life certainly arose in the water of primeval earth, The first life form was probably a small sac enclosing water with an array of dissolved enzymes and simple genetic material.Living organism is still composed of 60% to90% water, and all life on earth depends intimately on the properties of water, but they do not agree water as living being.
As said above, there can be no magic in the field of science. Nothing totally new can emerge out of void.The life that exists can bring out life; there we will have to accept that the water from which the life emerged was live water. Other wise it would be impossible for life to be created by only non living material.
This concept of producing living being from non-living material is not acceptable in all the Indian philosophies except Cārvāka.Jadbhāta samudāy sarrendriya vijaya samjñā.
Jodbhātavikāreșu chaitanyam yatta drśyate
This view is also accepted by modern scientist as Rudolf Hauschka in his brilliant book – ”’The Nature of Substance, Kervan and Herzeles”’, ideas go even further saying that life cannot possibly be interpreted in chemical terms because life is not the result of combination of elements but something which precedes the elements.
The Water micro-biology states that micro organism of concern to water specialists are tiny organisms that makes large group of tiny and diverse group of living forms: They either exists as a single cell or cell clustersTomslein Peter and Chritopher Bird. The Secret life of Plants. Rupa and Compo New Delhi. 2008. p. 209 Jagadish Chandra Bose scientifically proved that nearly 39450 Bacteria’s reside in a drop of water.
Frank A. Spellman. The Science of Water Concepts and Applications CRC press New York. 2008 p.123 But according to Jainism water itself is living, apart from this the water bodied beings body too are not visible to naked eyes. Number of beings in a drop of water if given a size of pigeon and made to fly.
The whole Jambūdvīpa would be filled of them. As it is measured as innumerable part of angula There are many others hosting in them.Ācārānga Bhāșyam, ed Acharya Mahāprajña. Jain Vishva Bharati, Ladnun 2001. 1.54
Thus it can be concluded that no elements of compounds mixed together can give birth to a single living cell. Thus if the origin of life is water, it must have life.
What we normally understand about life is living biochemical cells.When we talk about cell based life form we mean only the biochemical cells based life from and nothing else. By biochemical,we mean specific chemical reactions among diversed organic compounds that make up living water, the elements that are essential for life.
It is proved that although virtually all elements can be found in living cells, only a few of them are permanent part of constitution of the organism. Most Biologically important elements have low atomic weight as carbon.
Essentially all organic compounds in living things contain carbon,hydrogen and oxygen,the three most abundant elements in cells. It accounts for 93% of weights of human body. Nitrogen is equally necessary for living beings as it is part of amino acids.
The question is if Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, makes a body of organism, Why not only Hydrogen and Oxygen? Famous scholar of the day ”’Bill Bryson”’ writes in his book a short History of nearly every thingBill Bryson. A Short.
History of Nearly Everything. p-251 that it is usually said that ‘if it wasn’t carbon, life as we know it would be impossible. Probably any sort of life would be impossible.’ Yet Carbon is not all that in your body who so vitally depend on it. Of every 200 atoms 126 are hydrogen, 51 are oxygen and just 19 are carbon. ‘This shows that we can imagine of an organism without carbon, DNA and RNA.
Moreover as in the formal logic if p.(q.r.)is assumed to be true then according to the rules of conjunction,(q.r) must be true.The same rule should work in the biochemistry too that if ”’CH2O”’ is living, ”’H2O”’ must be living as there is no difference in the composition of ”’H”’ and ”’O”’ in both the cases- ”’H2O. CH2O”’ and it is the same as (q.r.).
It can be logically explained as follows:
(q.r). p lcoms.
(q.r) 2 simp.1 0
It is true that an organism is a composition ‘Of organs and organs of tissues,tissue of cell and it is also true the cells are made up of molecules,such as carbohydrates,fats,amino acids and so on. U.C. chemists classify molecules as organic or inorganic.
The organic are originally signified as these molecules should be manufactured only within living organism.Today however they are manufactured in laboratory.The modern definition of organic molecule is any molecule containing both Carbon and hydrogen. Most organic molecules are large molecules with complex structures.Inorganic molecules include carbon dioxide and all molecules without Carbon.
The definition of organic and inorganic based on Carbon content is true, but it does not define the limit of life as where there is carbon there is life, because carbonated molecules can also be prepared in laboratory synthetically,where exist no life.Moreover living and non-living carbon cannot be differentiated.
This was and is the real difficulty that a scientist faces that it is very hard to differentiate living from non-living Phenomenon.In an International Congress of Physics held in 1900 at the Paris Exhibition,entitled ”De fa Generalite des Phenomenes moleculaires Produits par I, Electricie sur la Matiere inorganique et sur la matiere Vivante” ”Jagdishchandra Bose”’ stressed the fundamental unity among the apparent diversity of nature’concluding that “it is difficult to draw a line and say that here the physical phenomenon ends here physiological begins.Secret life of Plants. p. 86
On the other hand can we think of life without carbon?Yes, that is what is proved in Jainism,that a molecule of only Hydrogen and oxygen may also represent characteristics of life. As it is found in many biological beings,water molecules also form hydrogen bonds,where the atom of hydrogen is combined with oxygen.
Water beings are as live as any acellular living being as viruses and other similar organisms are acellular in the sense that they lack typical cell structure.Any given virus does not contain both RNA and DNA, There are cells in which either RNA or DNA but both are not present.Cellular organisms on the other hand contains both RNA and DNA in their cells.
Of course there can be organism without cellular DNA and RNA. It may be hypothiesed of an organism without cellular components such as carbohydrates and so on: an organism without Carbon (organic compounds).In other words inorganic organism,if that comes out to be true then water must have life.
There are water-bodied beings that are too subtle to be perceptible to the naked eye.The Ācārāmga sūtra ACiiranga Bhasyarn, 1.39 p. 1.51. 1.52. 1.53 advices us to know them in comparison to ourselves.
One should not deny their existence as one cannot deny the existence of oneself.To the query why one should not deny them,the answer is that their denial would involve the denial of oneself as one’s soul was subject to birth of water-bodied being infinite times in the past.In other words,the denial of them is evideintly the denial of the vicissitudes of oneself.
One should neither deny the world(of water-bodied),nor should one deny oneself.One who denies the world(of water-bodied beings),denies himself,and one who denies himself denies the world (of water-bodied beings).Asks the diciple: 0 Lord], It is very difficult to understand the nature of water bodied beings, because it is said that they neither hear, nor see, nor smell, nor taste, nor are they found to feel pleasure and pain; there is no throb of life in them, no
respiration. Why should they be considered as possessed of souls? The reply to thics.
query is provided by the Acaranga niryukti.” Just as the body of the elephant embryo
at the time exactly of conception is watery so the water bodied beings and the watery egg are both sentient liquids, exactly so the water-bodied beings are sentient. This can be syllogized as follows:
Thesis: Water-bodied beings are sentient.
Reason: Because they are liquid, and not injured by any weapon is necessarily sentient.
(i) Like the embryo that is material cause of the body of the elephant.
(ii) Like the liquid in the egg that has not developed the organs and where the limbs and the like have not grown.
Apart from this, water can also be studied under various biologicalperspectives,
When we analyze scientific reason given in the scripture to prove water living we have the following data.
Some people pierce and cut foot, ankle, Leg etc.
15 Sometimes a person is to a state of unconsciousness and sometimes tortured to death. These are aquatic living in water. Thus do I say -In this ascetic discipline, 0 men, water itself has propounded as a living being. 16
In those days no other thinker did accept water as a sentient entity. There was of e the opinion that there are li ving beings in water. This Acaranga surra, clarifies the issue.
In the J ain scripture, water itself is propounded as a living substance. There are many creatures living in water. The organism (accepted by modem science) live in water, but they are not water-bodied beings. 17
It is the same case with bacterias in waters. Some scholars as has been written in unpublished thesis of Pika IShah’s and others. It is a great misunderstanding that water bodied being recognised as bacterias that reside in water
Water bodied beings- rain water,Pure water,Dew, Exudations, Fog and Ice etc. all are water bodied beings.In a drop of water there are innumerable independent souls. They are living until they do not have contact with a weapon and turns to be nonliving once they come in contact with their weapon.
B.Morphological and Physiological Characteristics Affirmed by Science and Jainism.
According to Jain texts such as Gommatsāra20 the shape of the body of the water bodied is spherical which is in accordance with science as the tendency of dipolar molecules to form a spherical shape is more. Although water looks to be a simple compound of hydrogen and oxygen, scientists know that it is endowed with very Special and unique properties.
What makes water popular crystallography, is its organized constitution as depicted in the picture above. Thus as the scriptures agree the shape of it or body structure is spherical which very well matches with the chemistry of water as can be observed in fig
It is usually said that water is colour-less liquid but Dhavala states that in their state subtle water bodied beings substantially have grey colour. Where as gross water bodied beings are white crystalline in colour as densed water is observed to be,If it argued that water are also observed in different colours then the text prescribes that it is on account of mixing of mud and sand etc. but virtually it is white in colour.
The scientists do not admit the production of water in the absence of oxygen. Does not necessity of oxygen to produce water prove that there is soul in water? Thus there is definitely an intake of oxygen in the form of respiratives.
Modern biology defines living beings as possessed of twin capacities viz. ability to fix energy and transfer in a directed way remember and pass on information.
When oxygen is dissolved or absorbed in water, what does it do there?
It Makes the hydrogen bond of water stronger.The bee-hive structure of nano tube allows the ions to move effortlessly through it, Cell energy keeps the movement of oxygen molecules or molecules of radicals in dynamic balance.
It is absorbed(digested) in the tube in its hollow space in its ‘quantum vacancy’ to form a zygoti (yoni).Flow of oxygen ions through water channels or structures generates electrical pulses by its movements. Its potential Energy is ‘Fixed‘ in the nano tubes. Thus if acts as a transducer. It Stores electrical energy and supplies back on demand.Thus it exhibits the first attribute of a living wate cell. xxii
The scripture prajfiapana quotes how long does the water-bodied being live their lifespan as in the following conversation-
‘How long 0 Lord! “When Lord Mahavira was asked he said ‘Gautama! It is minimum Lord answered “the life span of water bodied beings, infra hour and maximum of 7,OOO years.’
Recent experiments on water crystals remarkably show live characteristics in them. In fact the study of water crystals is not new. The word kryos means extremely cold and possibly derived from lacy crystalline structure of ice of snow a shown in fig.
But the recent studies have drastic change is the view of studying these crystals. it was first studied out of curiosity, then was not limited to only ice crystals but extended itself to all the crystalline substances. The image shown in fig. no. 1.2 shows a frozen crystal of pure water-a bright, radiant hexagon. But in response to human thought and emotion, water crystals can take many forms.
One of the characteristics of life is response to the stimuli which is proved by scientific study of water crystals.Since a picture is worth much more than any number of words, there are some pictures that shows the simplest and most convincing pictures that we could find, demonstrating how our thoughts, words, and feelings affect so called physical objects, right down to the molecular level.
The pictures below fig. 1.3 and 1.4 represent the brilliant work of Japan’s Masaru. Masaru Emoto has been conducting worldwide research on the effect of ideas, words, and music upon the molecules of water, and the descriptions below are taken from the book of his published results. Of course this kind of photography of crystalline water is not new, it existed in terms of crystallography.
Niels Stensen began his investigations out of curiosity 300 years ago. What is new is the proof of consciousness based on the changes in their crystalline formations as in the photo on the left is of a frozen water sample from the lake at Fujiwara Dam,in Japan. As it is observed in fig no: 1.3, the water’s structure is dark and amorphous, with no crystalline formations
After the above water sample had been taken, the Reverend Kota Hoki, chief priest of the Jyuhouin Temple,made a one-hour prayer practice beside the dam.
After that, new water samples were taken frozen and photographed. As it is observed in fig. 1.4, the change is stunning the ugly blob of the former sample has become a clear, bright-white hexagonal crystal-within-a-crystal. The fig. 1.4 shows that water taken from Fujiwara Dam after the prayer treatment, reveals a shape that had never, prior to that time, been seen by Masaru Emoto in his over 10,000 water sample experiments.
As it is observed,it is a heptagon, or seven-sided crystal. A number of such examples have given by the above scientist which demonstrates the remarkable changes in the crystalline forms of water.These rapid and grave changes are good proofs for water being a conscious entity. The study of water crystals is quite interesting to many scientists today as an be observed in one of the articles published in Span. There are high hopes for the life to be proved in them.
Research has shown that water is a liquid crystal with a pliable lattice matrix that is capable of adopting many structural forms. The structure of water gives it an infinite capacity to store information within its matrix.
A growing body of recent scientific evidence is now confirming traditional intuitive understanding of water’s role as mediator between the energetic and material worlds and its functions as an accumulator, transmitter and transducer of energy patterns and information.
Much evidences points to water’s ability to effectively memorize, energy patterns with which it comes in contact and retains the energetic memory of vibrational frequencies for extended periods of time. Homeopathic medicine for example, is based on water’s capacity to store within its structural matrix the energetic imprint or vibrational signature of physical substances.
A particularly strinking example of water’s “Memory of Energetic Information‘ are the sources of water found throughout Europe at Marian sanctuaries, sites traditionally recognized as sacred, where apparitions of the Virgin Mary have been reported and numerous healings have taken place. These sites include Lourdes in France, Medjugorje in Croatia, Fatima in Portugal, and Montichiari and San Damiano in Italy.
Generally it is agreed that there are five congnitive senses: eyes, nose, ears, skin and tongue. However, the scientists have newly begun admitting a sixth cognitive sense also. This is termed as extra-sensory perception(ESP) or super-sensual mind.
Many scientists admit that the nature has gifted this sense to all and their ancestor aria many sub-humans (animals and birds) even before the gift of five cognitive senses.The instinct of inherence is present in all the beings-earth, water, fire, air, plants and moble beings.
This has been experimentally proved by Masaru Emoto in water bodied beings that before earthquake, no crystals were formed, as if the water were predicting the earthquake. As time passed after the earthquake, the ability of water to form crystal returned as indicated in the fig. 1.3. and l.4. Thus from the view point of science too it exhibit living characteristics.
Thus the present research proves water as a living entity from various points of view including logical arguments and scriptural evidences which includes Physiological characteristics,containing respiration, food, ingestion, metabolism etc., psychological emotions such as grief, fear and sex etc.
Neurological characteristics such as sensory knowledge and verbal knowledge-information processing, Morphological characteristics including their body size and shapes, Gerentological characteristics explaining ageing, lifespan and death and proves water H2O as single molecular living entity.
Arhat Vacana, 24 (2), 2012