In Jainism, both homeless ascetics and householders śrāvaka have to follow five major vows (”vratas”). Ascetics observe these fives vows more strictly and therefore observe complete abstinence.
“Religion of NON-VIOLENCE is the real nectar of life”-even after knowning this fact if one cannot fully abandon violence i.e. the violence of ”Sthavaras”(jeevs having only one sense), he/she should surely leave the violence of ”Trasa Jeevas”- this is the order of jinendra bhagwan.
To abandon the intentional violence of Trasa Jeevas by ”Mann”(Heart), ”Vachan”(Speech), ”Kaya”(Body) and ”Krit”(to do self), ”Karit”(to get done by other), ”Anumodna”(to praise such an act) is called as AHIMSANUVRATA.
Shravak(Householder) cannot leave ”Arambhi”(related with household works such as making food, cleaning home etc.), ”Udyogi”(related with business) and ”Virodhi”(protection of self & religion) violence, but he fully avoids ”Sankalpi”(Intentional) violence.
Jain text, ”Puruşārthasiddhyupāya” deals with the conduct required of the householder ([[śrāvak]]a) and therefore discusses the fundamental vow of ”ahiṃsā’‘ in detail. It mentions that, all these subdivisions (injury, falsehood, stealing, unchastity, and attachment) are ”hiṃsā ” as indulgence in these sullies the pure nature of the soul. Falsehood etc. have been mentioned separately only to make the disciple understand through illustrations.
The underlying cause of falsehood is passion and therefore, it is said to cause hiṃsā (injury). In Jainism, that which causes pain and suffering to the living is not commendable, whether it refers to actual facts or not is immaterial.
Driven by passions, taking anything that has not been given be termed as theft and since theft causes injury, it is hiṃsā
Unchastity (abrahma) is copulation arising from sexual desire. There is all-round injury to the living in copulation and, therefore, it is hiṃsā
Just as a hot rod of iron inserted into a tube filled with sesame seeds burns them up, in the same way, many beings get killed during sexual intercourse.
|Three sex-passions||Male sex-passion||Female sex-passion||Neuter sex-passion|
According to sacred Jain texts,internal possessions are proved to be hiṃsā as these are just another name for hiṃsā.
External possessions are divided into two subclasses, the non-living, and the living. External possessions, due to the passion of attachment in them, result into hiṃsā.