“Mukti Pradayak Jnanamay ,Samosaran Asin
Keval Dharam Updesh ko Karam Bandh Se Heen”
Mahavira Bhagwan replied to the questions of Gautma Gandharva. He praised his qualities and stated that he appears to be intelligent. He stated that he would throw light on the path of Moksha. Those who will follow the path of religion in true spirit, they can get Moksha, One who is far off from doubts and believes in religion he can get Moksha.
Arihant Bhagwan is greater than celestials. Nirgranth Muni is most important and highest guru. Ahimsa, Satya, Achoriya and Brahamchariya are the highest Vrats. There is no better religion than Jain religion. There can not be better Jnana in Granth than eleven Ang (part) fourteen Purvah.
Samyak Darshan, Samyak Jnana, Samyak chariter lead a person to Moksha. Arihant Bhagwan, Sidh Bhagwan,Achariya, Upadhyaya and Nirgranth sadhus tell about welfare of living beings. There can not be a better charity than Aahar daan.
There can not be a better meditation than Kevalya Jnana. The teachings of Nirgranth Sadhu shows the real path of Moksha. To win over the actions (Karmas) and adopt twelve Austerties is the real “Panch Namaskar Maha Manter”.
Our Paap Karma and our action to fulfill the demands of five sense organs lead us to hell.Samyak Darshan, Samyak Jnana and Samyak Chariter should be adopted in life. One should acquire Samyak Jnana from religious Granth.
(1) Himsa (not to kill or torture any living being)
|(3) Telling lie||
(4) Parigrah (hoarding of things)
(5) Abraham (notto indulge in sex)
Adopting three guptis and five samittis is called Samyak Chariter. It can lead to the salvation. In this way one can control the incoming of Karmas. Without samvera (stop the incoming of Karmas) one cannot get the salvation. Without adopting a supreme character, meditation, salvation is imposible. Even Tirthankars have adopted supreme character only then they got the salvation.
Therefore, living beings are adviced to adopt supreme character in the life. Supreme character should not be given up in any circumstances.
Rattan Triya is of two types :
|(1) Vyavahar Rattan Triya||(2) Nischay Rattan Triya|
Without adopting these two Rattan Triyas it is impossible to get salvation.
Dharma is of two types
|(1) Shravak Dharma||(2) Muni Dharma|
Shravak Dhrama is not as difficult as muni dharma. There are eleven stages in the house holder’s life.
One should adopt eleven stages which are as follows:
(1) Darsana Pritama: to believe in Jin Dev, Religious granths and Guru.
(2) Vrata Pritma : One who adopts five Anuvrats, three gun Vrats and four Shiksha Vrats that is called Vrat Pritma.
Following are the 5 Anuvrata:
(a) Ahimsa : Not to kill or torture any living being with your mind, body and words.
(b) Satya (Truth): Always speak truth. True words should be sweet and they should not be harmful to others. If one is blinds we should not call him blind. If someone is going to kill an animal, others should not tell him where that animal has gone. We should not speak such type of truth which is harmful to others.
(c) Achuriya (Not to steal): If some thing of others has fallen on the road we should not picke it up.We should not steal others things. If water or earth is in personal possession, we should not take without permission.
(d) Parigrah : We should keep minimum worldly possession. We should fix up the maximum limit of all the things and that limit should not be increased in any circumstances. Farm, house, wealth, food grains, gold, slaves, animals, cloth etc. these are the worldly possessions. We should fix up the maximum limit of keeping these things.
(e) Brahamcharya : One should treat other’s wife or daughter as a sister. One should not have sexual desire with any other man or woman than his own husband or wife.
The following are Gunvratas:
(a) Digvaratai : One should fix up the maximum limit of travelling in east, west, north, south etc. (ten sides) through out the life. We should not go beyond the fixed limit.
(b) Desvrat: Maximum limit of travelling is fixed fora day. I shall not go out of this street.
(c) Anarth Dand Vrat: We should not dig earth without any aim. We should not misuse the earth, water, fire, or green fruits and vegetables (vanaspati )etc.
The following are Shiksha vrats:
(a) Samyak : Samyak should be done three times a day after controlling the mind.
(b) Prosdhoupwas : Fast should be kept on Ashtam (8th) day and Choudas (14th day) of the month as per religious rule.
(c) Athitti Samvibhag : To give charity of four types is called Athitti Samvibhag.
(d) Bhog upbhog Parman : To control the requirements of daily use.
(3) Samyak Pritma : Samyak should be done three times a day, minimum for fourty eight minutes.
(4) Prosdhoupvas: Fast should be kept on 8th + 14th day of the month according to the capacity.
(5) Suchit Tayag : Fruits and vegetables should be taken after cutting and boiling.
(6) Ratri Bhukti Tyag : One should not eat and drink at night. One should not indulge in sex during the day.
(7) Brahamchariya: One should not indulge in sex with other lady or man than his own wife or husband.
(8) Arambh Pritayag : One should not do any such business where there is a torture to the living beings.
(9) Parigrah Parityag Pritma : One should give up all the worldly possessions except his clothes which he is wearing . He should keep minimum things.
(10) Anumati Tyag: One should not give his consent in the domestic affairs and in earning the income to one’s family members.
(11) Udisht Tyag : One should take food as a begging and give up the food if it is not pure and clean. One who holds the eleven stages of pritma in the house hold life, that can become a celestial in heaven.
Mendicants are holding five Mahavratas
|(1) Ahimsa||(2) Satya|
Not to keep any thing except Kamandal (small water pot) Pichhi,
|(1) Irya Path||(2) Bhasha Samiti|
|(3) Esna Samiti||(4)Aadan Nishapen|
|(1) Eyes||(2) Nose|
|(3) Ears||(4) Tongue|
They remove their hair of head and beard with hands. Samyak is done three times a day without fail at least for 48 minutes. Munis remain naked and sleep on earth even in winter season. They never take bath and never clean the teeth.
Food and water are taken with hands and while standing and only once in a day. They adopt twenty eight mul guns.They mostly keep fast and remain silent. They follow ten Laxan Dharams and Twelve Contemplations.
(1) Utsarpani Kaal : In this period features, strength, body, age, height of body go on increasing. Its period is often Kora kori sagar (one kora kori sagar is equal to countless years.
(2) Avsvarpani Kaal: In this period age, height, body features etc. go on reducing.
(a) Sushamna Kaal :This period is of four stages. In this period persons are learned and religious. Their age is of three Palaya. Their height is of three kos (about seven kilometers). They take food about one grain after three days. They don’t have problem of urine and latrine etc. Always man and woman (pair) are born and died.
(b) Sukhama Kaal : This period is of three Kora Kori Sagar. The age, height body every thing of person is less than that of Sushmna Kaal
(c) Sukhma- Dukhma : This period is for two Kora Kori Sagar. Here also age Kaal height is less than that of Sushmna Kaal.
(d) Dukhma Sukhma : Dukhma Kaal is for forty two thousand less than one Kora Kori Sagar. The height of person is about 500 Dhanush.(3000 ft.)
|(1) Sh. Rishabh Nath||(2) Ajit Nath|
|(3) Sh. Sambhav Nath||(4) Sh. Abhinandan Nath|
|(5) Sh. Sumti Nath||(6) Sh. Padam Parbhu|
|(7) Sh. Suparsh Nath||(8) Sh.Chander Prabh|
|(9) Sh.PushpDant||(10)Sh. Shital Nath|
|(11) Sh. Shriance Nath||(12) Sh. Vaas Pujya|
|(13) Sh. Vimal Nath||(14) Sh. Anant Nath|
|(15) Sh. Dharm Nath||(16) Sh. Shanti Nath|
|(17) Sh. Kunth Nath||(18) Sh Arrah Nath|
|(19) Sh. Malli Nath||(20) Sh. Munisubrat Nath|
|(21) Sh. Numi Nath||(22) Sh. Nemi Nath|
|(23) Sh. Paras Nath||(24) Sh. Mahavira Bhagwan|
|(1) Bharat||(2) Saga|
|(3) Maghwa||(4) Sanat Kumar|
|(5) Shanti Nath||(6) Kunthu Nath|
|(7) Arah Nath||(8) Subham|
|(9) Maha Padam||(10) Hari dev|
|(11) Jai Kumar||(12) Braham Dutt|
One Chakravarti had ninety six thousand queens, more then one lakh horses. Several thousands kings were underhim.
|(1) Vijay||(2) Achal|
|(3) Dharam||(4) Suprabh|
|(5) Sudarshan||(6) Naandi|
|(7) Nandi Mitter||(8) Ram Chander|
|(9) Bal Dev|
|(1) Tripristh||(2) Dwiprist|
|(3) Swambhu||(4) Purushotam|
|(5) Purush Singh||(6)Pundrik|
|(7) Dutt||(8) Lakshman|
|(9) Shri Krishan|
Nine Prati Narayans. 24 Tirthankars, 12 Chakravartis, 9 Bal Dev, 9 Narayan 9 Prati Narayan. They were called as 63 Salakha Purush.
(e) Dukhma Kaal : This period is of 21000 years. The persons who are born in this period are weak minded. The age, body, height was very less.
(f) Dukhma Dukhma Kaal: Dukhma dukhma Kaal is also for 21000 years. The person’s height will be 3ft. and their age will be about 20 years. These people are full of sorrows and worries.
Mahavira Bhagwan delivered his teachings for the welfare of the living beings. On hearing these teachings, the false belief of Gautama Gandharva was vanished. He became ascetic from worldly possessions. False belief leads one to the hell.
These are the enemies of Samyak Darshan, gyan and chariter. Those who want to achieve salvation; they are advised to remove the false belief. On hearing these teachings of Mahavira Bhagwan Gautama Gandharva took Diksha and became Muni. Out of his five hundred disciples most of them became munis.
Several ladies became Aryakas. The cruel and dreaded animals like lion, snake etc. stopped taking meat. Sodharam Inder worshipped the Gautam Gandharva with eight substances and his name was declared as Inder Bhuti. Thereafter he published the religious Granths for the welfare of human being.